The Consulate (Consulat) was the government of France that derived from Napoléon Bonaparte's coup d'état of 18 Brumaire Year VIII (November 9, 1799) and replaced the directory (see napoléon i). It lasted from November 10, 1799, to May 18, 1804. The Constitution of the Year VIII outlined the organization of the government and named the three consuls: Bonaparte, jean-jacques cam-bacérès, and charles lebrun. In fact, Bonaparte, as First Consul, held all the power. During this period, Bonaparte decided to exploit the coup d'état to achieve his ambitions and, while pursuing a brilliant foreign policy, reorganized France, along semi-dictatorial lines. The Civil Code was promulgated in 1804, and the legion of honor created in 1802. Slavery was reestablished in the colonies (1802), strikes were forbidden (1803), and the livret, or identity book, was required to be carried by all workers. On August 4, 1802, the First Consul was named Consul for Life, the constitution was then revised strengthening his powers at the expense of the legislative. A new state of peace abroad favored the development of trade and industry. The suppression of the opposition was matched by some measures at appeasement, especially toward the old émigrés. The general policies of the Consulate opened the way for the first empire.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • consulate — con‧su‧late [ˈkɒnsjlt ǁ ˈkɑːnslt] also Consulate noun [countable] the official building in which a consul lives and works: • The Embassy or Consulate of the country you are visiting will advise you what documents are required. * * * consulate …   Financial and business terms

  • consulate — con·sul·ate / kän sə lət/ n 1: the office, term of office, or jurisdiction of a consul 2: the residence or official premises of a consul Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • consulate — [kän′səlit] n. [ME consulat < L consulatus] 1. the position, powers, and functions of a consul 2. the office or residence of a consul 3. the term of office of a consul; consulship 4. a government by consuls the Consulate [Fr Consulat] …   English World dictionary

  • Consulate — Con su*late, n. [L. consulatus: cf. F. consulat.] 1. The office of a consul. Addison. [1913 Webster] 2. The jurisdiction or residence of a consul. Kent. [1913 Webster] 3. Consular government; term of office of a consul. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • consulate — late 14c., government of Rome by the consuls, from L. consulatus office of a consul, from consul (see CONSUL (Cf. consul)). Also used in reference to the consular government of France from 1799 1804. In reference to the office of a modern consul …   Etymology dictionary

  • consulate — [n] embassy consular office, government office, ministry; concepts 439,449 …   New thesaurus

  • consulate — ► NOUN 1) the place where a consul works. 2) (in ancient Rome) the period of office of a consul or the system of government by consuls …   English terms dictionary

  • consulate — n. a consulate general * * * [ kɒnsjʊlɪt] a consulate general …   Combinatory dictionary

  • consulate — [[t]kɒ̱nsjʊlət, AM sə [/t]] consulates N COUNT: oft supp N A consulate is the place where a consul works. They managed to make contact with the British consulate in Lyons …   English dictionary

  • consulate — UK [ˈkɒnsjʊlət] / US [ˈkɑnsələt] noun [countable] Word forms consulate : singular consulate plural consulates the government building in which a consul works …   English dictionary

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